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News/Business. Daljit Dhaliwal. Nightly news program anchored by Daljit Dhaliwal. (CC) (Stereo)

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China 19, Us 11, Taliban 10, Afghanistan 10, India 7, Tibet 5, United States 5, Taiwan 4, Iran 3, Iraq 3, Toyota 2, New York 2, America 2, Haseen 1, Rosalind P. Walter D The Peter G. Petson Foundati 1, Martin Himel 1, Whathe Conditionsre 1, Ouwebsite 1, Complainhe Chdren 1, Dyou 1,
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  WETA    Worldfocus    News/Business. Daljit Dhaliwal. Nightly news  
   program anchored by Daljit Dhaliwal. (CC) (Stereo)  

    January 28, 2010
    5:30 - 6:00pm EST  

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tonight onworldfocus" -- world leaders plot a road map out offghanistan and pledge tensf millions of doars to buy the loyalties of the taliban. plus, we will take you to one rner of afghanistan, where t locals cread their own militia and drove the taliban out. our signature segmt, a remarkable woman i india, providing hope and inspiration to thosein thelowest class. and what newly discover ruins in mexico may tell us about the demise of the civilization. from the differentopinions of repters and analys around the world, this is "worldfocus." major support has be provided by rosalind p. walr and the peter g. peterso
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foundati, dedicated to proting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges fing america's future. d additional prided by the following supporte -- goodevening, welcome to "worldfocus." i'm daljit dhaliwal in new yk. we srt off tonight discussing ghanistan's future. the aim is to turn over security duties to afghan forces a turn at least som of the taliban from enemies to potential alli. in their final communition,ed aders agre to start transferring secity responsibilities to afgn foes late this year, or eay next year. presidentamid karzaiaid that training the afghans could take five to ten years.
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and th foreign troops mht b needed for 15 years. in tonight's lead focu we're going to hear about another key component of the emerging afghanistastrategy from london, chrisship of tn tells us about the newly devised plan to win overhe taliban by buying their support. >> reporter: it is easy be cynical abou the conferencin ghanista afghanistan. but 60 countries areere today, workinon an international plan to end theruelingonflict which has been dragging on for ne years. for thfirst time the world's military and dipmat eliteare preparing ahigh-risk stregy of buying offthe tiban and taing to their leers. >> let us wcome the plans fm presiden karzai andhe gornment of afghanistan.
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resurgence who are prepared to renouniolence offer them a way back gqz mainstam l. >> reporter: the leaders will back a multimillion pound fund split taliban fighters. into those motivatedby ideology and thoseotivated by money. e military alone cannot win is war, it means a political settlement with the taliban is becoming a harsh reality. we must rch out to all of our countrymen. especially our disenchanted brotherswho are not part of al qaeda, or other interests. >> repter: that will include members al qaeda. >> if they put down their weaponsb-u accept the afgh democry, i don't see anyway
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forheir reintration into the afghan society. >> reporter: iran is a notle absent from these lks, where e internatnal coalition knows itoes not haveong befo public good will toward afghanisnuns dry. >> even before today's meeting, efforts were bng made t buy the suppt of afghans who might turn against the taliban. the new york time reports tt the leaders ofone of the largestribes in southeast afghanistan arfed up with the taliban and ve agreed to battle the insurgents. the paper says inxchange for their support, arican commanders agre to channel $1 milln in developme projects directly to the tribal leads, and bypass the local afgha government, which is widely see as corrupt. as a tribal elder explned, the taliban h been trying to destroy our tribe and they' taking money from us.
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and they're tang our sons t fight. in northern afghantan, another local fort to drive out the liban has been highly successful. 's in the province of kunduz where e germanilitary has rt ofrbgl s voice. we have a report from t region, how the pele are working to drive the taliban out. tonight a fascating look at a grassroots campaign against the insurgents. >>eporter: the trip takes some 5 hours, over a rive and through the desert. the area is fr of taliban. wesked local leaders what it was like ling under the liban and how they managed to chasthem out. >> in the summer, we couldn't even leave our homes, that'sow badly the taliban terrorize us. clinics were cled, girls schools were bned down. we couldn't all thatituation
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to continue. >> tnslator: every family here has at least one weapon, we pulled them out a joid n. we fmed a militia, and whin six weeks we ran them out of here. reporter: in more peaceful times, commaer nabi ran a fish restaurant. inecent years he's been in ny battles and won mt of them. he didn't fight against the taliban money, for him, it's a matter of pernal hon and national freom. >> tnslator: one of my relaves was kild in the first bate. th taliban attack us here. ey shot at us fm all sides. but with the help of go we defeateded taliban in the end. >> reporte they seized these morcycles from e taliban. because there's no much happening here, ty take us on a patrol. they call themselves the young lions. bold militia fighte can be
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dangerous. elsewhere in afghistan, marauding militia have been just as b as the talan or wors but th governor of kduz isn't worried, he'sroud of the lions. >> 5of knees militia ghters e worth 0 other soldis. we give theseoung men a future with the police or military. we'll ve!wtgwq tosee. >> reporter: these ahans have fod their own sotion of the problem of how to dal with the taliban. the chief tells us the area has been secured. the terrorists are far away, deep in the desert. >> for more onpz: forts to enlt ghan tribesm to runut the taliban, we have an expert in that area. we just heard these two succe stories aboutfghantribesmen
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who are taking the taliban. is this strategy going to work in the lon run on a mu wider level as we move forward? >> there are a cple things to keep in mi. first, afghanistan is a vy dentralized country. all power is local in afghanistan. efforts that work i one o two communities ma not wk in the exact same wayn other mmunities. they m have to be taylored or the situatn maye so different that forts thatwork somewhere may notork someere else. the secondroblem is at the short term sttegies of working with militia's stead of going through the centr gernment, in the long run, often ad to probms with buildg central government capacity, which is e of the objectives. it may be imrtant for security gains the short run but it poses aong term issue. >> it seems similar to what general petrais proposed.
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is it similar or different? >> it's very different. the tribes came to the united ates and asked for our help in dealg with al aeda, which was in tir midst. al qaeda were outsiders in iraq, and gerning inertain parts of the anbar province. they came to the united states and theunited states reonded help them. in afghanistan, it's not so clear that the initiative is coming from th local counities. it ems much more iven by the ternational community to address e security situation, and that mns that the dynamics are gog to be very different than what they were iniraq. >> in term of the obstaes to the approach afghanistan, whatould you sayhe main ones are, tt did not exist in iraq? >> the ma one is that in afghanistan,he talib is integrated into ny communities. the reason why can be difficult to tl taliban mbers from nontaliban members, they're integrat into the commity and theirisputes are
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localized there. in iraq, they were ousiders that camin, and itas ea to tell who they were. the great diffilty in afghanistan is thathey're integrated into th community and that makes it very diffict to come up wit permanent solutions to t kind of nflicts that are goingon. yalties can shift very quickly in ahanistan to favor whichever si is wing. >> okay. thank you very mucfor joining us. >> thankou. iran escaled its cmpaign today ainst opponents of the regime. it announced that this man and anotherjñána in an amed opposition grou wereexecuted today by hanging. these pictures were shown on iran's ste contrled television durintheir trial. althou the men were arrested fore the protest that followed lt summer's presidtial election. they were put bere the same mass trial as opposition leaders and arrested duringhe crackdown on t protest movement. after its massive recall of calls in the unitestates,
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toyota announced tay that it is rcalling 75,0 vehicles in china. all of them the rav4 sports utilitvehicle manufacturedn china over the last year. earlier toay, toyota announced it was relling some hicles in europ for a similar gas pedal problem that might cause unexpected acceleratn. and in souther mexico, archaeologists thinkhey may have diovered new clues into why the myan civilization arted to collapse starting around t year 820. an 1100-year-old myan tomb. int they found as well as skeletal remains. while many excerpts point to internal warfare as part of the myan civilizationdownfall
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hers say othe evidencefound in the tb sugges they may have taken over. while the overelming focus of president obama'state of th union address last night was on bs and economic rovery, theresident said th united states can no longer afford to stand by as other economic 1 china, become more competitive. you see, washingn has been lling us to wait for decades. even if the poblems have grown worse. meanile, cha's not witing to revp its economy. rmany is not waiting. india's not waing. these nations are -- they're not standing still. thesenations aren't playing for
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send place. they're puttg more emphasis on math andscience, they're rebuilding tir inastructure. theye makin serious investments in clean energy, because theyant those jobs. i do nt accept second place for the united states ofmerica. >> and that tak us to the final installment of our two-week long series that we call oba and the world. tonight our focus is china, and we're joid by adam seigel. a senior fellow in china studies at the couil on foreig relations. the aociateddirector of the centers for u.s. china relations at e asia society right he in new york. gentlemen,elcome to the program, thank you for being with us. 100 years from now, is this going to be viewed as the period thatlppañ china started to assu global upremecy? shouldhe united states be worrd? >> china has a lotof room to
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grow, an they ve a huge population. when you look it at lst in economic terms, they're expected to suass japan this year as the mber two sized economy in e world. they've surpassed german of course, you have to dide th by 1.3 blion people. it'sstill aery poor cntry per capita. a lot wh we're hearing now sometime get s exaggerated. >> i think china has fundamental weaknesses that we forget about. it's overwhelmingly a poor untry, it has massive environmental issues social ineqlities. but i think the other issue, if china wereo be acceing responsibilies, that would be a good thing for the united states. if we saw china taking mre responsibility for rebuilding afghanistan, or putting more presre on iran and north koa. what we' seen far ithat th chinese seem be lagging,
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given how big their international onomy is,given how th are as an eonomic player,they are not in th same role. >> se of the laggi may be strategic. it could be intentiona in china'part. they set out a freign pocy motto of keeping your head down and waiting for the right time. and i tnk that probly still does guide a lot of china's foreig policy. if you look something like the idea of g2 which is being talked about in davos right now, this idea of the united states and china forng this new bilar order, it's not in accordith their approach. i think they're playing a long-term game, where they are building up the potical capital anthey're notager to acce the rdens of responsibility rightow. >>et's get into some of the points of fricti in the u./china relationship. one source of disagreement is
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the u.s. arm saleso taiwan. why e the cnese so upset abt thi and why is theunited states ing to go ahead with it? >> chinese nsider taiwan to be a part of china. and we, the united states, agreed tha we would slowly wind down our as ses to taiwan, givethe situation in the region as it becam more peaceful, w would slowly wd down. we haven't de that, cause we don't believe the situation has become mor peaceful. the chinese connue to threaten taiwan by 1,000 short range missiles that are targeted at taiwan. >> do you think this could dera u.schina relatis in the ture? >> from the chise perspective, it always theost sentive and explosive. right now there's a lot of positive trends in terms of relaons. beijing likes the current govement a lot intaiwan, it's a relatively tranquil period that we're in.
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so it's not at the top of the listf tspots. >> and collectively, taiwan h researched w was one of the three t's, tra and tawana and tibet. what's on the cards in ter of tibet,he united states and china. >> i wouldn't expect any mar breakthroughs. i think the esident is going toecapture some grou that he lost when he deferr the meeting, and say, yes, e unitedtates would like a resotion of the tibet situation. we wld like t chinese to give the tibetans more ctural spe. we're n going change our viewhat tibet is part of china. >> why do you think th president changed his mind? >> well, i think that he wanted to make a gesture and def the sit with the dalai lama,nd he didn't get
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much back from the chinese. i tnk the administration is was probly upset aut tht. it not surprising that he's going ahead wit the meeting w. there are evidently meetings going on as wespeak in beijg, between representives of the dalai lamand the cnese government. thermay be some marginal progressthere. we're not talking about bi breakthroughs. the other thing to remember is, it i aomestic issue. there may a lo to care abt in the uted states, it i very much aomestic issue. within chin there's a huge segment the han majority populaon, who are flly supportive osome of the hardline policies inty belt. when chine policy makers are thinking about tibet, their first thought not shington. >> let's talkbout trade. what are the ars of disagreement there? >> well, the major concern is the evaluation of e m-md.
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hasn't moved in quite a whil the united states given its economic situati, giv its rising unemployment ra, given the prident is focused on jobs, ere's going to be an creasing pressure on china to do something about rem-md which makes cnese export cheaper to thunited states. >>ou talk to chinese economists, what there concerned about is the fact at th have a very unstructud economy, that's depdent on exports an invtment]> all right thank you vy much for joini . >> thank you. that brings to onight's estion, to legal the plang field moren favor ofamerican goods, dyou think the united states should impose protectionist measures agast china. you can tell us what you think on ouwebsite at worldfoc.org.u0$krpa
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filly tonight, our signature segment, a storywe read today about women making great stridesn india's banking industry got us thinking about another remarkable womanhat we met in india last year. this activist has devoed her lifeto india's lowest class, lirally those who are beaten down. rldfocus special corresponde mart himel travelled to india last springnd brought us her iniring story th. >> reporte she's pying for the strength to create rl change. to improve the lifef her fellow3+2>ñpxvdulas. the untouchables of dia's class society. she's trying to convince ese women, the wives of laborers
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thathey are entled to compensation suld their husbands become ill on the job. thr children have earned the right to equal schoong. these parents complainhe chdren are forced to eat serately in school different plates and utensils. >> it is terrible that the css system is prevalent in the 21st ntury, and this is happening in dehi, imagine whathe conditionsre in the villages. reporter: apart from the women, she tries to dm up support among the day laborers. [ chanting ] >> wheyou started off, there were men that saw you as a threat. how did you deal with this? >> of course -- >> transtor: when i started working, was very yog.
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i was barely 23 years ol lot of people used to hang around drunk. they used to whistle at me and tease me i ignored them, this went on for sixmonths. i didn'tive . but one day someone ossed the limit. i got ve angry, and held him by his coar and gave himthree orou slaps. afterwards tho workers afterwards tho w2yas some real guts. the workersven congratulated me that evening. >> reporter: the biggt challenge is t battle for a better future for dula children. ♪ >> reporter:he's established mobile educationcenters deep in the delhi slums. we cannot do it one they sing, butif we act together we can turn the wrld upside wn. thers still a class sysm in india, it's a probm.
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do you think you'll ever marry? >> it is a matter of dignity. if the boy or his familyook down upon me, then iam not willing to compromise. only someo who doesn't believ in the cla system and who is en minded, he is the one wit whom i would spent my life no, one else. >> rorter: unmried, she lives wi her mother a father. her brother and his familycome over. she deeply wishes for chilen of her own. home has aays been a rsonal battlefield. her mother was married o to her father at the age of 11. when s dared to pass the university entrance exam he locked hern the hse to prevent her fr getting an education. >> translator: it was a very difficult time fore.
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myiggest suppor during those times was m mother. mothers complely illiterate, s cann evenign her name. she has ne through t pain of being illiteral and being a ild in marriage. my father beat her up for supporting me. even today she has to lisn to a lot of comments fromhim. look at your ughter, what that she keeps doing? who do she keep hanging out with? but my mother neve lost heimóo3 dermination. she is my sacd guru.
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>>eporter: emma carries he mother'spirit when she prays. afte appealing to the godshe builds a simple house. it's a house of stone. but what she prays for is house her own. a house of love. a house of acceptance, n only for herself, but also for the more than 160 million la's living in india. fo wodfocus this is martin himel in new delhi. >> much more ns and perspective, tell u what you think. n't forget to go to worldfocus.org.
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we'll see you backhere tomorrow. until then, good-b. -- captions bvitac -- w.vitac.com >>major support for "worldfocus" haseen provided by rosalind p. walter d the peter g. petson foundati, dedicated to promoting fiscal respoibility d addressing key economic challenges facing america' future.
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